How does rice related to Thais

2019-02-27

How does rice related to Thais

Thais have related to rice since the Sukhothai era. Rice is one of our food cultures. We have rice in every meal, breakfast, lunch, and dinner. Thai best delicious soup and curries like Tom Yum Koong and Massaman are always having with rice. Rice is one of the agriculture products that we export to worldwide so the farmer is one of the careers that Thai people still do.

 

Photo Credit: https://edumall.co.th/courses/Thai-traditional-palace-food/detail

 

In history, having rice the whole year is the meaning of wealth in the country. Thai people believed that in rice there is a spirit – an angel named “Mae Phosop” – who is the guardian angel of rice and the goddess of all grain crops. Rice farmers, therefore, are seen to have profound respect for Mae Phosop as seen in many worshipping rituals.

 

Photo Credit: http://www.sac.or.th/databases/southeastasia/subject.php

 

There are two different seasons to grow rice in Thailand. First called Na-Pee,  in-season rice grow between May to October. Second, called Na-Prang or off-season rice grow since January but mostly grow in the area where has a good irrigation system such as central Thailand.

 

Photo Credit: http://www.surinonline.com/1571/

 

Furthermore, every King of Thailand place an importance in rice since the past that's why Thailand has a royal ceremony before starting the season of growing rice every year called The Royal Ploughing Ceremony to forecast the quality of the future rice harvest each year usually take place in the early May at Sanam Luang, following the Royal Brahman astrologers will address the date (usually 10th).

 

Photo Credit: http://www.atom.rmutphysics.com/charud/oldnews/146/religion/story8.htm

 

The Royal Ploughing Ceremony in Thailand is a religious Brahman/ Hindu ceremony dating back to the Sukhothai Kingdom (1238–1438). His Majesty the King appoints the Ploughing Lord as his representation to carry out the rites. The amount of rainfall to be expected in the coming season is forecast. The Ploughing Lord is offered a choice of three lengths of cloth, all looking identical, if his choice is the longest one there will be little rain during the coming year: if it is the shortest one, rain will be plentiful while the one of medium length indicates average rain.

After donning the piece of cloth, called  “Panung”, the Ploughing Lord then ploughs furrows in Sanam Luang with a sacred plough of red and gold drawn by sacred white bulls and followed by four consecrated ladies who carry gold and silver baskets filled with rice seed.  Walking alongside the plough are Brahmans who are chanting and blowing conch shells.

 

Photo Credit: https://siamrath.co.th/n/35604

 

When the ploughing is finished the bulls are presented with seven different foods and drink, i.e. rice seed, beans, maize, hays, sesame seed, water, and alcoholic liquor.  Whatever the Bulls choose to eat or drink, it is forecast that this will be plentiful during the year.

After the ceremony has ended, the crowds scramble for the seeds sown by the Ploughing Lord as the seeds are regarded as things that will bring the owners wealth and good luck.  The farmers will mix the seeds with their own rice to ensure a good crop in the coming year.

 

Photo Credit: https://www.moac.go.th/royal_ploughing-history

 

There are many more local rituals that related to rice and farming such as requesting for the rain in the drought year. The ritual will be different in each part of Thailand.

Photo Credit: Rocket Festivel, Hae Nang Meaw, Pho Mek Mae Mhok

 

As you can see, rice is so important to the Thai people. Rice is the Thai main dish, lead to one of the major careers in Thailand which is the farmer. One of the best agricultural products of Thailand which could drive the Thai economic. Moreover, Rice is the starting of any rituals and cultures in Thailand ever since. 

 

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Author by Paint Platu

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